宋 赵佶 《蔡行敕卷》by Emperor Huizong of Song

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Emperor Huizong of Song (7 June 1082 – 4 June 1135), personal name Zhao Ji, was the eighth emperor of the Song dynasty in China. He was also a very well-known calligrapher. Born as the 11th son of Emperor Shenzong, he ascended the throne in 1100 upon the death of his elder brother and predecessor, Emperor Zhezong, because Emperor Zhezong’s only son died prematurely. He lived in luxury, sophistication and art in the first half of his life. In 1126, when the Jurchen-led Jin dynasty invaded the Song dynasty during the Jin–Song Wars, Emperor Huizong abdicated and passed on his throne to his eldest son, Emperor Qinzong, while he assumed the honorary title of Taishang Huang (or “Retired Emperor”). The following year, the Song capital, Bianjing, was conquered by Jin forces in an event historically known as the Jingkang Incident. Emperor Huizong, along with Emperor Qinzong and the rest of their family, were taken captive by the Jurchens and brought back to the Jin capital, Huining Prefecture in 1128. The Jurchen ruler, Emperor Taizong, gave the former Emperor Huizong a title, Duke Hunde (literally “Besotted Duke”), to humiliate him. Emperor Huizong died in Wuguo after spending about nine years in captivity.

Despite his incompetence in rulership, Emperor Huizong was known for his promotion of Taoism and talents in poetry, painting, calligraphy and music. He sponsored numerous artists at his imperial court, and the catalogue of his collection listed over 6,000 known paintings.

《行书蔡行敕卷》一说为摹本。原本书于1119—1125宣和年间《三希堂法帖》刻本,原帖为满行7字,《三希堂法帖》改为满行4字,原帖由于后人将黄庭坚等的伪跋裱在后面,称是为太宗所作,所以作者一直传为太宗,实际上乃徽宗真迹。
此卷是宋徽宗不准蔡行辞去领殿中省之职所颁的敕书。此敕行间佈白疏朗得体,笔划纤细,写来墨韵流畅,潇洒清劲,有如飘藤荡柳之势,具有瘦而劲,秀而润的艺术效果。

释文:
敕蔡行。省所上劄子。辞免领殿中省事。具悉。事不久任。难以仰成。职不有总。难以集序。朕肇建纲领之官。使率厥司。况六尚之职。地近清切。事繁而员众。以卿践更既九。理宜因任。俾领盾省。实出柬求。乃愿还称谓。殊见撝谦。成命自朕。于义毋违。尔其益励前修。以称眷倚。所请宜不允。仍断来章。故兹诏示。想宜知悉。十四日。

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